Suez Canal incident exposes trade risk from maritime chokepoints

Panama Canal
The Suez Canal incident has caused enormous disruption for cargo transportation. The event illustrates the risks that narrow strategic passageways pose to the maritime cargo sector.

The consequences

International supply chains were thrown into disarray when the 400 meter (430 yard) Ever Given ran aground in the canal on March 23, 2021. The ultra-large vessel blocked the strategic shipping route between Europe and Asia for six days before specialist rescue teams were able to dislodge it. At least 400 cargo ships were stuck and many forced to reroute.

As a result of the incident, businesses that had cargo affected by the disruption face billions of dollars of lost profits and damages, according to John Ellison, an attorney with US-based law firm Reed Smith LLP.  

Insurance coverage

Businesses may be able to recover some of the losses from their insurers. Among policies that could respond are trade disruption insurance products (TDI) which are designed to protect against the many obvious and not so obvious risks that international trade is exposed to throughout the supply chain. TDI products are a significant enabler for exports, imports and international projects. 

Contingent business interruption policies may also respond to the Suez Canal disruption as they protect against business interruption caused by damage to the property of others. 

Further, some policies may protect against damaged cargo and the ship itself. 

A similar disruption to the one in the Suez Canal could happen in any of the other narrow and busy strategic passageways in the world. 

Maritime Choke Points

Credit: Visual Capitalist

The risk of chokepoints

Around 80% of the volume of international trade in goods is carried by sea, and the percentage is even higher for most developing countries, according to UNCTAD. Shippers rely heavily on a few strategic trade routes to move goods around efficiently. Narrow passageways along the routes create bottlenecks that pose a significant risk to maritime operations from a structural as well geopolitical perspective. 

Choke Points Risks
Credit: Visual Capitalist

Ultra large vessels

The average size of most vessels has increased exponentially over the past 15 years, making navigation through such chokepoints even more complex. The Ever Given is just one of an ever-growing world fleet of oversize vessels designed to maximise efficiencies in order to compete on a global scale. 

Following the Suez Canal incident, shipping experts have suggested that specialist equipment and associated procedures have long struggled to keep up with the ever increasing size of commercial vessels. The ability to salvage ultra large vessels has not kept up with this trend, according to some. Upgrading narrow passageways such as the Suez Canal for example through a second channel to offer an alternative route or through the acquisition of bigger tugboats, dredgers and offloaders are opportunities worth discussing to reduce the risk of major disruptions in the future. 
For further information, please contact: 
Ian Franklin, Lockton Business Development Executive Cargo & Logistics
T: +44 (0)20 7933 2054 

Matt Humphries, Lockton Head of Crisis Management
T: +44 (0) 20 7933 2044

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